Medieval Europe Sketchnotes (English Law download (20) (The Magna Carta…
Medieval Europe Sketchnotes
Easter Eggs :Yoda, quote from video game, lion from the Lion King, Mansa Musa, jewels are the stones that Thanos wears, superheroes as knights, Roman numerals, Kermit the Frog, Stan Lee.
Geography of Europe
Castles were built on hills for protection.
Europe has been the Central point of two of the biggest wars in modern history, World War 1 and World War 2. It was used for farming. 39% of Medieval was used for agriculture.
Europe gets approximately 106 rainy days each year and receives a total og 22.976 inches of rain.
Some waterways are Rhine River, Seine River, LAire River, Danube River, North Sea, Adriatic Sea, Mediterranean Sea.
Black Death :warning:
The Black Death was spread from bacteria in the rats then the fleas that bit them carried the disease in their abdomen, then bit the human and got them infected.
One effect of the plague was that 1/3 of Europe's population was lost and died.
The song Ring Around the Rosie, which is about people dying from the plague.
The Christians rallied together to take back spain that was took by the muslim's from the romans.
Medieval Spain was a battle- field where christians attempted to control the Moors who wanted to take over all of Europe, and were stopped which led them to become poor commoners.
King Ferdinand II of Argon and Queen Isabella I of Castile established the Inquisition in 1478.
The Spanish Inquisition started by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. Queen Isabella started being queen in 1478.
Spread of Christianity
The Franks took over Western Roman Empire + King Clovis spread Christianity to provide stability and peace.
A monks main job is to rewrite the bible because they were some of the only people that could write at the time.
The monks have to vow to poverty, chastity, and obedience.
Children were taught at a church by priests. The Children that the priests taught were nobles children.
In 1202 the Christians wanted to take over Jerusalem. Even thought the crusades fell, they made trade better, and better government.
The Pope Urban II persuaded many people through speeches. After that, he persuaded locals, news spread all across europe as knights joined into a growing army to lead the first crusade.
There was a "Children Crusade" taught by kids. However, they dint make it to the Holy Land.
The Magna Carta was the foundation for the Constitution in America today.
Habeas Corpus gave people the right to fair trail and parliament could approve taxes by the king.
On June 15, 1215, many Barons and Lords gathered and confronted King John in Runnymede, Surrey and forced him to agree and sign the Magna Carta
The King was very unfair and would collect taxes to fund his unsuccessful wars.
The Magna Carta was a document that contained 63 clauses and laws and gave more rights to people.
They started the first University;s
The pope was believed to be God's Representative on Earth.
People got married, buried, and confirmed at the Catholic Church
In Medieval England, church was part of everyone's life. They believed in God, Heaven, and Hell
The land was divided into estates or fiefs, that knights protect.
King William The Conqueror developed feudalism to protect people and land from invaders.
Knights fought for their kings and queens. They fought with metal helmet. They are the third place on the feudalism chart.
The chart goes kings and queens, nobles, knights, peasants, and serfs.
Peasants were very different than serfs. They weren't payed to work thought, just like serfs. They were always at the bottom of the chart.
Pope vs. King
The king could choose who was king next.
Pope Leo crowned Charlemagne Emperor of Rome.
The pope could excommunicate the king and de- king him as well. (and he was )
Pope Gregory VII didn't want the king to be able to appoint Church officials. (big argument)