HAEMORRHAGE ; SUBARACHNOID (Nursing care (A low blood pressure may result…
HAEMORRHAGE ; SUBARACHNOID
A low blood pressure may result in cerebral ischemia, whereas a high blood pressure increases the risk of rebleeding.
Blood pressure is maintained is the normal range to maintain normal cerebral circulation,
Dexamethasone can be given to reduce raised intracranial pressure.
Anticonvulsants can be given to prevent convulsions which increase the risk of rebleeding.
Calcium channel blockers such as nimodipine,which is specifically indicated for use in subarachnoid haemorrhage can use to prevent vasospasm.
Sedation and analgesia are maintained to keep the patient comfortable and quiet.
The nurse should kept the patient in a very quiet and kept at absolute bedrest.
The patients who presents with subarachnoid haemorrhage is to maintain his/ her airway , breathing and circulation.
High blood pressure
At any Age
Use of blood thinners
Bleeding from an arteriovenous malformation
Rupture of a cerebral aneurysm
Signs and symptoms
Depression, Confusion, Apathy
Cerebral tumours may cause erosion of blood vessels.
May be the results of arteriosclerosis.
Weak spot may be congenital.
Hypertension may lead to the rupture of a blood vessel in the cerebral circulation where there is a weak spot.