microvascular complications (nursing care plan ( (Oedema around the eyes,…
signs and symptoms
retinopathy and nephropathy, tiredness and loss of energy, chest pain (angina), shortness of breath
nursing care plan
give regular exercises , give medication to control high blood pressure and diabettes,
INEFFECTIVE EXERCISES; BREATHING PATTERN AND HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
eliminate smoking, and encourage eating healthy diet and maintaning healthy weight.
Administer systemic& local antibiotics and analgesics as prescribed
Avoid pressure to the affected eye, and avoid sneezing and coughing
POOR VISION OR NO VISION
Do eye swabbing and administer medication as prescribed
Shield the eyes from light accordingly and rest the eyes
Support the patient where there is permanent loss of sight and prepare them on how to intergrate back to the community
Give balanced diet rich in vitamin A& C & proteins
Oedema around the eyes, abdomen, sacrum and ankles
Limit fluid intake to prescribed volume and keep a record of the patient intake and output
Administer medication as prescribed eg, diuretics
Bed rest until oedema subsides and encourage personal hygiene
diabetes is a major cause of blindness, people with diabetes are at increased riskfor retinopaty, cataracts and glaucoma.
tissues that are most vulnerable are the eyes (retinopathy) and kidney (nephropathy)
changes in the small blood vessels, the basement membranes of the capillaries thickens
due to the accumulation of sugars, which impairs the exchange of nutrients, gases and waste.