LIVIA DRUSILLA - THE AUGUSTA (MANIPULATION OF THE SUCCESSION (Dio 53.33:…
LIVIA DRUSILLA - THE AUGUSTA
MANIPULATION OF THE SUCCESSION
Dio 53.33: Livia may have been involved in the premature death of Marcellus.
Tac: Mentions the treachery of Gaius and Lucius' stepmother who no longer schemed behind the scenes.
Tac: Now Augustus was an old man, Livia came to exercise much dominion over him.
Tac 1.3.3: Germanicus suffered from the fact that his grandmother and uncle hated him, as Germanicus was a threat to Tiberius' position.
HOW SHE LIVED
Tac 1.13.6: Livia offered zealous intervention in Tiberius' brutal approach to punishment. She became known for her aid of ambitious and endangered politicians.
WILL OF AUGUSTUS
Dio 56.33: Augustus bequeathed 1/3 of his estate to Livia, having gained special permission from the senate to do so, as this exceeded the typical amount a woman could inherit.
Tac 1.8.1: After Augustus' death, Livia was adopted into the Julian family and the Augustan name.
Tac 1.8.1: Augustus' will named Tiberius and Livia as his heirs.
RELATIONSHIP WITH AUGUSTUS / GRIEF
Dio 56.42: Livia remained on the spot for five days before getting Augustus' bones and placing them in a tomb.
Sue, Aug, 99: Augustus' last words to his wife were "goodbye Livia: never forget our marriage".
Sue, Aug, 62: Livia remained the one woman Augustus truly loved until his death.
ACCESSION OF TIBERIUS
Tac 1.5: Livia jealously guarded Augustus' deathbed, and ensured that the news of his passing was announced at the same time in all places, alongside the announcement of Tiberius' accession.
HONOURS IN LIFE
J1C: Livia honoured at Anticaria, 14/29 AD as "mother of the world".
J1D A sestertius coin was minted to celebrate Livia's recovery from illness, with the special honour of riding the carpentum.
Tac 1.14.2: Tiberius curtailed his mother's proposed honours (such as son of Julia) on the grounds that elevation of a woman would be to diminished his own power.
Tac: Tiberius claimed that important business had kept him from Livia's funeral, after which Tiberius blocked extensive honours for his late mother and directly opposed her deification.
Sue 101: Livia was a moderating influence for Tiberius, who had harboured a deep-seated deference for his mother. However, soon after Livia's death, Tiberius executes Agrippina.
RELATIONSHIP WITH JULIA / AGRIPPINA
Tac 1.3.3: Augusta had a stepmothers' aversion to Agrippina but perceived her as less of a threat due to Agrippina's devoted faithfulness to Germanicus.
MARRIAGE TO AUGUSTUS
Tac 1.5.1: Augustus was captivated by her beauty so married Livia (with or without her encouragement) before the birth of Nero Drusus.
Tac: The abduction of Nero's wife.
TACITUS' RELIABILITY ON LIVIA
Tacitus uses the role of imperial women to criticise the power of the Emperors. It is a flaw in the individual's rule if they allow women to muddle in their affairs.