Micronutrients - Minerals (Calcium (Calcium citrate best on empty stomach …
Micronutrients - Minerals
7 major minerals
Metabolised independently from one another according to the bodys needs. Each process differs
Sodium is not regulated which can lead to sodium overload
Absorbed in the small intestine. Depends on tissue health, food form (animal/plant based) and body requirements.
Minerals maintain normal haemoglobin levels and nervous system. Involved in hormone activity and skeletal development and maintenance.
Potassium and phosphorus - role in fluid and acid-base balance
- maintains fluid balance
Sodium, potassium and calcium are important in the functions of nerve cell transmission and muscle contraction.
Minerals help regulate body processes
- Thyroxine - deficiency - goiter / cretinism
High sodium levels linked to high BP - can lead to stroke or heart attack.
Salt and sodium figures are different - 1g sodium = 2.5g salt
Calcium citrate best on empty stomach
Calcium carbonate best with food
Calcium best absorbed at <500mg
Green leafy veg
Helps maintain osmotic pressure
Prevents hypertension, colon cancer and bone loss
Do not take with calcium as inhibits absorption.
Animal protein / beans
Represent 4% of body weight
Promote growth and maintaining health
- disturbed in nature
Macrominerals (major minerals) -
Bulk Elements - 100mg > like calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, chloride, sodium, sulfur, magnesium
- Trace Elements (TE) - Iron measured in mg
Ultra-Trace Elements - UTE
- Iodine, Selenium, Manganese, Molybdenum, chromium - measured in ug
ug or mg per day