How far did the position of ex-slaves improve by 1877? (Positive Impacts,…
How far did the position of ex-slaves improve by 1877?
14th & 15th amendment
Helped establish civil rights for African Americans.
Also granted citizenship to people naturalized there.
Granted citizenship to all people born in the U.S.
Was apart of the reconstruction and giving more rights to blacks.,
Women still couldn't vote.
Gave black men the right to vote.
Both helped abolish slavery.
Did this by giving more rights to blacks.
People would sell plots of their land to have people work on it.
This gave African Americans a new chance to gain money.
They got paid in crops.
People that worked on them were typically slaves.
The union donated their animals to help.
Specifically their mules.
Special field number 15
This didn't go as planned.
They would work on this land.
Temporary plan to give slaves 40 acres of land in Georgia.
Successes: fed millions, built new things that were needed, legalized marriage of slaves, helped citizens try to achieve equal treatment, etc.
Failures: didn't promote land distribution, little opportunity or blacks to own land, lack of funding, disbanded, failed in goal for equality.
Was created to help African Americans and poor white people.
Was able to provide many things including: food, housing, schools, hospitals, etc.
Created March 3, 1865
It didn't last though because funding was poor and they could't provide enough.
People provided cheap labor for the African Americans and they had to sign yearly labor contracts. If they refused to sign they could be arrested or fined.
Forced to face harsh conditions for the little pay they got.
Gave the African Americans low wages.
Black Codes were abolished in 1910.
Restrictive laws made to limit African American freedom.
Ku Klux Klan
They wanted to intimidate black voters into not voting.
They would go in the streets at night and terrorize black leaders.
Started terrorizing in March of 1868.
This terrorism was very effective and got blacks to stop voting.
They started attacking and even murdering blacks.
White supremacist hate group.
Very loosely organized, the red shirts (another hate group), had better organization.
Jim Crow's Laws
Similar to the black codes.
An alternative when the black codes were destroyed.
20 of the laws
1 mandated segregation for streer cars
2 required segregation for public accommodations
3 segregated railroads
4 outlawed miscegenation
6 required school segregation
Local laws that enforced racial segregation.
Weren't enforced unto 1865.
Enacted in the late 19th century.