THE REPUBLIC OF CONGO: CULTURE (LANGUAGES (The official language of the…
THE REPUBLIC OF CONGO: CULTURE
The official language of the Republic of Congo is French.
Other spoken languages are Bantu, Mboshi, Bateke, and more than forty other languages.
French is spoken by 30% of the Congolese population.
88% of people in Brazzaville aged over 15 can write simple phrases in French.
French became a "haven language" for various armed factions.
The national languages are Kituba and Lingala
At the end of the last century literature was written in French.
Jean Malonga is consider the most senior Congolese writer, he is the author of one of the first Congolese works of literature.
Moukoukoulou National, Ndzobi Okoa, Elélé Ndzoro, Kongo Butiélé, Mvitsié, Okouakassa, Kingoli Akwa
Makandas, Ndima, Vocal Bantou, or la compagnie Punta Negra
Each of them represents an ethnic group; the rhythm, repertoire and heritage are unique to each particular ethnic group.
Traditional music in Congo was passed on from generation to generation and fortunately still exists today.
The origin of traditional music is unknown.
Instruments of the Congolese traditional music
Ngoma or mbonda (drums), ngonfi, string guitar, gong, maracas made of gourds or dried spherical balls cored in and filled with hard and dry grain producing specific sounds when shaken, the balafon, long, short, thick or thin drums.