Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) ( How is the fuel produced? (2/3 of LPG i…
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
How is the fuel produced?
2/3 of LPG i extracted from earth the same way as ordinary natural gas
1/3 of LPG is manufactured from petroleum (crude oil). Crude oil is drilled from earth in wells, the usual way
Availability and cost of supply
The cost of LPG is several times higher than ordinary natural gas, but LPG might prove to be a good option if access to natural gas is not available.
Suitability for use in road transport
delivered by trucks in a large tank and placed outside a home or other building
. In addition, reusable gas canisters are available for powering stoves, heaters, and barbecues.
Whether existing engine technology could be readily adapted.
LPG( Liquefied petroleum gas) can be used as a power source for combined heat and power technologies (CHP). CHP ( combined heat and power) is the process of generating both electrical power and useful heat from a single fuel source. ‘’
This technology has allowed LPG to be used not just as fuel for heating and cooking, but also for the decentralized generation of electricity.
Energy density, in terms of the energy available per gram or liter.
LPG provides less than 2% of the total energy people use but it is still a major alternative to gasoline.
LPG has a high caloric value, good energy source, provides a high level of heat.
Effect on environment
Considered a clean-burning fossil fuel, LPG burns completely, leaving no waste and emitting significantly less pollutants into the environment than other hydrocarbons.
Safety in use
A disadvantage with the use of LPG is safety. The high pressure needed to store LPG results in occasional tank bursts if canisters are not stored properly and maintained. In addition, LPG is highly flammable. However, suppliers take many safety precautions to ensure that LPG is as safe as ordinary natural gas supply.
Ease of storage and distribution and whether existing systems could be readily adapted.
At atmospheric pressure, a gaseous LPG, but for ease of distribution, LPG converted to a liquid phase by applying pressure. In liquid form, LPG is distributed in tubes or tanks. LPG is a hydrocarbon fuel that can be compressed into a liquid for storage in steel vessels.