Burkina Faso's history and politics (Politics (Semipresidential…
Burkina Faso's history and politics
Originally inhabited by the Bobo, Lobi, and Gurunsi peoples.
Mossi and Gurma peoples immigrated to the region in the 14th century
Lands of the Mossi empire became a French protectorate, and then, France had subjugated the other ethnic groups
Called Upper Volta by the French, it became a separate colony in 1919
Was partitioned among Niger, the Sudan, and Côte d'Ivoire in 1932
Reconstituted in 1947
Upper Volta became independent on Aug. 5, 1960.
President Yameogo was deposed on Jan. 3, 1966, by a military coup led by Col. Lamizana.
He dissolved the national assembly and suspended the constitution.
Constitutional rule returned in 1978 with a presidential vote in which Lamizana won.
Opposition leader Roch Kaboré won the presidential election, and is the actual president.
Prime Minister is the head of the goverment
President head of state.
Executive power is exercised by both
Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament.
The presidential elections take place every five years
The parliament is structured in two chambers: the lower house and the upper house.