GIVING INSTRUCTIONS (The importance of giving clear instructions (It's…
The importance of giving clear instructions
It's one of the most important points that determines how successfully students will learn.
A lesson or activity becomes chaotic and fails when students do not understand what they are supposed to do.
It's a skill that deserves attention and practice.
Mastering instruction-giving is a fundamental aspect of good classroom teaching practice.
It's a highly valued teacher's ability
Sometimes it is this point which distinguishes good teachers from bad ones.
Consequences of a failure instruction
Failure to do the tasks.
Because of the failure, teachers will need to use reminders, reprimands, sanctions…
Repeating things all the time will teach students not to bother listening as you always repeat things.
Both students and teachers will feel frustration.
Learners get angry because they feel helpless.
Teachers get angry because learners fail to comply.
There are three stages fo giving good instructions
The post-delivery stage
if your students have not understood the instructions, back up and do some repair. Teacher should maintain calm and non-defensive.
Monitor student activity. As student begin an activity, circulate around the room to see if students are carrying it out correctly and give help as needed
Arrange students groups and furniture before giving instructions because students might forget the instructions in the process of moving around.
Make sure you have your students attention before you star your instructions. There are many ways to get their attention: you can ring a bell,clap your hands, play music, etc.
Speak simply but clearly. Using simplified language common in instruction-giving, which often includes imperatives and short sentences.
Model your instructions. Meaning is made clearler through by demostration, after you give instructions, model what you want your students to do.
Use extra-linguistic device to aid meaning: gestues, facial expressions, voice and visuals. It facilates the understanding of your instructions.
Break down instructions when there are several steps. Give instructions after each step rather than giving all instructions at once. Doing this teacher enhances comprehension
Give students a time limit and let students know how much time they will have.
Make sure your if students understand asking simple questions that students can respond to with a short answer.
Avoid giving vague instructions. Instructions should be concise
Write instructions out as you develop your lesson plan
Keep in mind that instructions should be simple and clear for all learners
During the preparation stage, think about support mechanism that might facilitate understanding: gestures, pictures, drawings or written instructions.
As a general rule, you should not hand out worksheets or other materials before giving instructions.
It's recommendable to plan instructions (especially for complex or multistep tasks)
Mind Map done by Perla Raudez and Cristhiam Galan