chapter 12 The World of Work (Unemployment (Help for the unemployed:…
chapter 12 The World of Work
mar arise if:
when employees stop working as a form of protest against their employer.
the position of every employee in a workplace shown
the worker who has been elected by trade union members to represent them in the workplace.
main roles of the shop steward:
to pass on union information to union members, encourage non-member workers to join the trade union, to help resolve industrial relations issues in tne workplace.
aim to increase members' pay, improve their working conditions, offer advice&information, protect the members' jobs
an organisation of workers set up to protect its members' rights and interests
the relationship between employers and the employees in a workplace.
Public and Private sectors
people who are not employed by the state/government e.g. pilots, bankers, plumbers
people who are employed by the state/government e.g. garda, teachers
Help for the unemployed:
Jobseeker's allowance/benefit, Jobseeking advice, Government-run schemes.
a downturn in the economy, businesses closing down or relocating to another country, workers are replaced with new technology e.g. computers&machines.
when people who are available for work cannot find a suitable job.
The Labour Force
people not in the labour force:
those in full-time education, retired people, people who cannot work due to illness.
all the people in the country who are available for work.
employment in Ireland splits into 3 areas
farming, fishing, forestry and mining.
doctors, hairdressers, accountants, solicitors and teachers.
builders, bakers and factory workers.
-anything that requires effort to achieve a result.
work is divided into 3 categories
any work undertaken for no financial gain e.g. being a stay-at-home parent, doing homework.
no payment is received for the work. The work benefits the individual. It does not have to be done for a set time, or in a certain place.
learning new information and skills. Doing something to enjoy. The satisfaction of achieving a goal.
**Volunteerism is the practice of volunteering time and energy without payment, in order to benefit society.
voluntary work is a choice, there is no payment for the work, the work benefits other people within the local community or wider society, voluntary work is not a substitute for paid employment.
learning new skills, the opportunity to have different experiences, the satisfaction of helping others, playing an active role in the community.
Employment is work carried out in return for payment
-working for yourself
full responsibility for all aspects of the business, no regulated work hours, there is a risk of losing money if the business fails.
being your own boss, doing something you enjoy, making all the decisions, choosing your own working hours and keeping all the profits.
is a person who pays people to work for them.
is a person who works for someone else in return for payment.
a wage/salary is received in return for the work, employees have certain rights and responsibilities.
regular payment and possible benefits-in-kind (e.g. health insurance or a company car)