Genes and the Genetic Basis of Metabolism (DNA DNA-Structure1 …
Genes and the Genetic Basis of Metabolism
A codon in mRNA that indicates the beginning of information for protein synthesis.
A codon in mRNA that indicates the end of information for protein synthesis.
An organelle responsible for protein synthesis, consisting of a large subunit and a small subunit.
An enzyme that can attach two strands of DNA to each other, repairing nicks and linking Okazaki fragments into complete molecules of DNA.
An enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of DNA using RNA as a template.
Enzymes that recognize specific sites in DNA double helices, then cut the two strands in complementary sites.
The portions of the structural region of a gene whose information is actually translated into protein
A portion of the structural region of a gene whose information is not translated into protein, but is removed and digested from hnRNA
Complementary DNA (cDNA)
DNA synthesized with reverse transcription
DNA sequence describing a discrete unit of inheritance.
Alternate forms of gene.
Represented by Lowercase letter. (aa)
Determines phenotype in homozygous state.
Represented by Uppercase letter. (AA)
Determines phenotype when present in cell.
the slow cooling of a mixture of short DNA molecules such that complementary strands encounter each other and hydrogen bond into double helices.
The process of breaking the hydrogen bonds in DNA until one molecule separates from the complementary molecule.
The production of large numbers of identical copies of DNA, usually by inserting it into bacteria and allowing them to multiply.
Carry instructions from DNA to Ribosome.
Bring Amino acids to ribosome.
Combine with proteins to make up Ribosomes.