Social interaction and the formation of attachments (Age 1 month (Sucks…
Social interaction and the formation of attachments
The new born baby
Infants establish an interaction with carers through eye contact, spontaneous or imitative facial gestures and modulation of their sleep-wakeful state.
Age 1 month
Sucks well, sleeps most of the time when not be fed or handled
Expression still vague but becoming more alert later, progressing to social smile and responsive vocalizations about five or six weeks.
Hands normally closed, but if opened, grasps finger when palm is touched.
Stops crying when picked up or spoken to and will turn a nearby speaker's face
Needs support to head when being carried, dressed and bathes.
Age 3 months
Fixes eyes unblinkingly on parent's face when feeding, with contented purposeful gaze
Beginning to react to familiar situations, shown by smiles, coos and excited movements, recognition of the preparations for feeds and or baths.
Responds with obvious pleasure to friendly handling, especially by playful tickling and vocal sounds.
6 months of age
Uses hands competently to reach for and grasp small toys. mainly uses two-handed scooping-in approach, but can occasionally use a single hand.
Takes everything to mouth
Finds feet as well as hands, interesting to move about and regard: sometimes uses feet to help in grasping objects.
When offered a rattle, reaches for it and immediately and shakes deliberately to make a sound often regarding ti closely at the same time.
Still friendly with strangers but occasionally shows some shyness or even slight anxiety when approached too nearly or abruptly, especially if familiar adult is out of sight. Becomes more reserved with strangers from about seven months.
9 months of age
Holds, bites and chews a small piece of food. Tries to grasp spoon when being fed.
Throws body back and stiffens in annoyance or resistance, usually protesting vocally
Clearly distinguishes strangers from familiars and requires reassurance before accepting their advances; clinges to known person and hides face.
Still takes everything to mouth. Plays peek-a-boo and imitates hand-clapping. Grasps toy in hand and offers to adult, but cannot yet give into adult's hand.
Watches toy being hidden under a cover and then finds it.
12 months of age
Holds spoon and will attempt to use for feeding
Helps with dressing by holding arm out for sleeve and foot for shoe
Takes objects to mouth less often, ceasing to drool
Will put objects in and out of cup or box when shown. Manipulates toys and will shake to make a noise, gives toys to adults on request and sometimes spontaneously.
Plays 'pat-a-cat' and waves 'good-bye', both on request and spontaneously. Likes to be insight and hearing of familiar people. Demonstrates affection to familiars.