AMERICA IN THE 19TH CENTURY (American Progress, a painting by John Gast…
AMERICA IN THE 19TH CENTURY
American Progress, a painting by John Gast (1872)
It shows Colombia, a
She represents the U.S.
It was divided into right and left side. The right side was more civilized and developed.
She's holding a telegraph wire with her left hand
It represents communication between the two sides of America
She's holding a school book in her right arm
The book represents education and Colombia is bringing it to the americans.
The painting explains Manifest Destiny (1845) and the westward expansion.
Louisiana purchase from France in 1803
People moved to find more opportunities and also for the spirit of adventure.
People traveled by horse, by transcontinental train or by ship (circumnavigation of South America).
Other options were on a stage coach, which was public transport, or on a covered wagon, in which they lived until a house was built.
Many pioneers wanted to discover new territories
Everyone thought that going west and claiming some territories would mean going from rags to riches and accomplishing the "american dream".
Manifest Destiny was a term coined during the 19th century in the United States referring to a belief that its settlers were destined to expand across North America.
In the back of the painting, there are the Rocky Mountains, the Great Plains and the Mississipi river.
There are some cultivated areas, some buffalos and natives.
there were problems with the colonization of natives.
the buffalos were near extinction because they were hunted.
Slaves were imported from Africa to Virginia
They were labor force for the plantations
Mostly in the south, where the economy was based on agriculture
Cotton, tobacco and sugar cane plantations
Large farms recquired a large labor force
This labor force was made up of slaves
In the north the economy was based on industries
Labor force made up of immigrants
Not mentioned in the constitution because they were considered property
Anti-slavery legislation (1806)
During Jefferon's presidency
Slaves were no longer imported from Africa, they were born in America.
They had fewer problems because they knew the customs, the language and the territory
Some even knew how to read and write
A way for the runway slaves to go north
Some people gave shelter to slaves
It was illegal, even in the north.
Slave catchers searched for slaves in the north
they tried to get to Canada so that they woud be free
Indians worked with France to stop British colonization.
The british were pushing natives out of their territories.
Indian removal act (1830)
The natives were forced to go to Oklahoma
The territories aren't very fertile.
They were acquired through:
They lived on reservations
Patches of land specifically for indians
Change in lifestyle
from nomads to farmers
from tribes to family units
They were civilized through education and religion (protestantism)
Trail of tears
A deadly journey to arrive to Oklahoma
It was on foot and about 4000 people died during it.
He was a part of the Republic party and was their candidate for president in 1860
It was created in the 1850s and it was anti-slavery.
He was born in 1809 in Kentucky
He lived in a 1 room log cabin on the frontier
He attended school for 1 year. He had very little education but was very intelligent.
He had to walk 4 miles to get to school
He was self taught and became a lawyer
He moved with his family to Illinois and started working at a general store
He earned a reputation for being honest and was named "Honest Abe"
He got married and started practiting law in Springfield.
He got involved in the state legislature and became a congress man
He was the representative for Illinois in Washington D.C.
He won the election and became the 16th president of the United States
After his election 11 southern states withdrew from the Union
They formed the Confederacy
Their president was Jefferson Davis
They had their own currency
Their flag is now associated with racism
The Grey troops were the army and Robert E.Lee was the leader
The "land of Lee" in Virginia became Arlington cemetery.
The Blue troops were the army of the north. One of their leaders was Ulysses S. Grant
He became the 18th president
Richmond was the capital
Fight between north and south, start of the Civil War (1861-65)
Lincoln gave a speech; "The Gettysburg Address" and signed the Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
Freeing of slaves in the Confederacy
Many slaves left the south to join the northern army
Lincoln was able to keep the upper southern states loyal and keep out foreign intervention
He freed all of the slaves in the 13th amendment (1865)
He was shot by a souhern sympathizer in a theater in the same year
Lincoln was unable to reconstrut the country.
The Civil War ended 10 days before his death
The slaves were free but they didn't have anything
They had three possibilities
3 more items...
In this speech, he referred to the Civil war as and endurance test and he said that the Government needed to be by, for and of the people