E102 Week 20 RACE & ETHNICITY (Chapter 9 (18 & 19C introduction…
E102 Week 20 RACE & ETHNICITY
18 & 19C introduction of 3 races p.192
hierarchy - suited whites to feel superior
some physical differences- skin, hair etc
too much variation within the 3 colours and too much overlap to say distant genetic difference. p.193
above is nonsense
no correlation between skin colour & genes
IN US any black heritage you are 'BLACK'
UK = mixed race
Prejudice & Discrimination
p.195 Obama= times were changing - I think Trump proves U-turn since
children pick up on attitudes to those of various races from parents, tv, communities p.197
Kenneth & Mamie Clark study (1947)
black kids shown 2 dolls. Majority showed white bias. But also thought the looked like white doll
flawed as having to chose one or other. No grey area. Just cos favour 1 doesn't mean does not like other at all. or would be prejudiced.
Paul Connolly ethnographic study (1998)
Uk multi ethnic school
by age 5-6 very aware of race & could use it to include or exclude peers
Troyner & Hatcher ethnographic study (1992)
3 mainly white primary schools
racist name calling
children didn't necessarily mirror beliefs...just what they all did
used to wound
children use racist taunts for various reasons- some listed
OU reckons racial taunts worse than other name calling- I think BS!!
3.1 Black Carribean boys 4X more likely permanent exclusion ...but less so than gypsies and travellers- OU being all 'poor black boys'!!
are schools fundamentally racist?
OU highlights (in a derogatory manner) that teachers are predominately white, middle class and female...could the problem be that these black boys are racist, sexist and got a chip on their shoulder about middle class people....their negative views about their teachers = no respect as she is rich, female and white....I hate you miss...of course they are going to be excluded...chicken not the egg!!!
black guy said (thank god)
They are not subjects of institutional racism. They have failed their GCSEs because they did not do the homework, did not pay attention and were disrespectful to their teachers. Instead of challenging our children we have given them the discourse of the victim – a sense that the world is against them and they cannot succeed.’
but not shown to the review !!!
these views are in the minority because not PC - he can say it cos a back guy I'd be lambasted and called racist!!!
Swann Report (1985)
West Indian children underachieved
DfES study 2006
Indian, Chinese, Irish and White/Asian excel. Travellers, Black, Pakistani & Bangaladeshi underachieve
some gov papers say gap is closing but stats show widening further!!! ( GILBORN cited in P (p202)
Labour Force Survey 2004/5
% s in poverty (Strand, 2011) cited p.202
p204 Coard (1971) said system put black kids in schools for the 'educationally subnormal'
Wright (1992) & Gillborn(2008) cited p204- B&W kids treated differently
schools are racist
research pools too small! did they even look at black teachers? p.205
why do other ethnic minorities not suffer eh? p.205
are black boys conforming to expected masculinity which is making them rude? p206
not all black kids do badly p.206
gov trying to pull them out of the shit & not perpetuate ...
Aiming High:Raising the Achievement of Minority Ethnic Pupils (DfES 2003)