Social changes in Britain from 1919-1939** (Changing role of women women ,…
Social changes in Britain from 1919-1939
An individual who refuses to fight.
They were made to feel guilty for not supporting their country.
Military act January 1916
men who were ill or weak were exempt from the army
Influenza pandemic emerges and spreads
240,000 war widows
750,000 military men killed or missing
Over 500,000 children lost their fathers as a result of ww1
Impact on sons and daughters was devastating
Many deaths and injuries
Changing role of women
Women were also allowed to be elected into parliament, after the Act of 1918 was passed
On the 1st December 1919, Lady Astor became the first women to take her seat in parliament.
She was not the first women to be in parliament
Constance Markievicz became the first woman MP in 1918
They were given the vote on the same terms as men
Women's work declined after ww1
Men came back from war and wanted their jobs back
Particularly in industry and trade
Forced women to back to what was considered 'women's work'
looking after family
Thousands of women were dismissed from their jobs
Act of 1919
It was now illegal to exclude women from most jobs because of their gender.
The Representation of the People Act 1918
After 30 years of protesting
British propertied women over the age of 30 could vote
Suffragettes got the recognition
Excluded the working class women because they failed the property qualification.
Because of WW1 they had shown society they were as capable as men.
They had learnt new skills
Gained in self-confidence
Proved to society they were equal to men
They had taken over men's jobs when they went to war
Longer and healthier lives
Didn't die in child birth
Improved health care and nutrition
Women had access to many more job professions.
Women could gain degrees from Oxford university in 1920
Breakdown of the class system
Working class resented the upper class because they felt they had been responsible for the war
Working class believed they had suffered the most during the war
Wealthy classes were happy
Manufacturers and suppliers were rich after the war
For aristocracy and wealthy
Nightclubs, jazz clubs and cocktail bars flourished in the cities.
Fashion and lifestyle
Fashion for women changed
Women drove motorcars
It was called the Girl Power 1920s style!
Average family had 3 or 4 children
Toys were handmade
Comics were available for children
Women gave birth at home
Many middle-class households had a 'live in' maid.
For working class families, there was no help at home like maids or nurses.
1921 education act
The school leaving age was raised to 14
State primary education was free
Started at the age of 5
In the country, children were still writing with sand and sticks
Sewing and woodwork was taught