The relationship between patterns of international migration and socio…
The relationship between patterns of international migration and socio-economic development
close relationship between migration and dev
migration can be contribute significantly to dev.
can be positive process for:
inequalities in levels of dev. can be a cause of migration
has major influence on direction and scale of global migrant flows
Statistical measure of international migration which is linked to dev.
Are private funds sent by migrants usually the the non-migrant members of their family
financial framework for the international transfer of this money is being strengthened
Therefore official figures becoming increasingly accurate but reality the amounts are much higher
Remittances considerable importance in dev. process
migrant remittances to more advanced country, have a lower % of GDP compared LIDCs
LIDCs + EDCs represent a higher proportion GDP
therefore are of greater significance to their economy and dev.
2013 US$6.69 bil was sent by migrants (AC)
less than 0.1% of GPD
India (EDC) received 10 times this amount (US$62.96 bil)- was 3.7% of their GDP
Haiti (LIDC) received US$1.78 bil this was 21% of their GDP
not all poor countries receive large amount migrant remittances
potential migratns from Sub-Saharan Africa
affected by restrictive immigration policies of Dev countries and cost of travel
Currency fluctuations can skew remittance patterns.
India receives 70 billion