Conditional sentences or if-clauses (Conditional sentences : ( (type /…
Conditional sentences or if-clauses
Conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English as a second language.
type / condition
I / condition possible to fulfill
Il / condition in theory possible to fulfill
III / condition not possible to fulfill (too late)
type/ if-clause/ main clause
I / Simple Present /will-future or (Modal + infinitive)
II / Simple Past / would + infinitive *
III / Past Perfect / would + have + past participle *
Examples (if-clause at the beginning)
type / if clause / main clause
I / If I study, / I will pass the exam.
II / If I studied, / I would pass the exam.
III / If I had studied, / I would have passed the exam.
Examples (if-clause at the end)
type / main clause / if-clause
I / I will pass the exam / if I study.
II / I would pass the exam / if I studied.
III / I would have passed the exam / if I had studied.