Lesson 2 Spain's Conquests in the Americas (Cortes Defeats the Aztec…
Lesson 2 Spain's Conquests in the Americas
Cortes Arrives in Mexico
1519- cortes traveled to mexico in search of gold and glory
cortes used his army's guns and horses to frighten Native Americans.
Cortes relied on a Maya woman named Malintzin for information about the Aztec
the aztec practiced human sacrificing
another factor that helped cortes defeat the Aztec were germs that carried diseases
Cortes Defeats the Aztec
the aztec believed in a light-skinned god. Montezuma was afraid Cortes was this god returning home.
as cortes marched closer, Montezuma changed his mind and decided to ambush the Spanish troops. cortes had already learned about the planned ambush, though
In November 1519, Cortes took control of the Aztec capital.
Cortes took Montezuma hostage, and then ordered the Aztec to stop sacrificing people
Cortes orders angered the aztec, who planned a rebellion.
Cortes had to fight his way out of the city.
In June 1521, the Spanish destroyed the aztec capital.
while cortes prepared a second attack, smallpox broke out in tenochtitlan. many Aztec died of the disease, and the remaining Aztec could not fight off the Spanish and their allies. In June 1521, the Spanish destroyed the Aztec capitol.
Spain Conquers Peru
Vasco Nunez de Balboa also sailed to the Americas
1513, he led a band of soldiers across the mountains of present-day Panama to look for a golden empire.
he found the pacific ocean, but never found the place he was looking for
a jealous spanish official got him beheaded
Francisco Pizarro had served as one of Balboa's soldiers.
Pizarro meets the inca and the inca fall
Pizarro and his small army moved to attack the Inca homeland
Pizarro and Atahualpa have a meeting
at meeting, pizarro demanded that atahualpa give up his gods. the emperor didn't agree to so pizarro ordered an attack.
atahualpa tried to buy his freedom. pizarro took what was offered, but still turned atahualpa in and charged him for multiple crimes.
atahualpa gets sentenced to death.
pizarro becomes governor of peru. spanish could not gain complete control of the Inca Empire. the conquest of Peru opened most of south america to spanish rule
spain would create the world's first global empire