Spain's Conquests in the Americas (Spain Conquers Peru (The Inca Fall,…
Spain's Conquests in the Americas
The Spanish Conquer Mexico
Cortes Defeats the Aztecs
Cortes Arrives in Mexico
Germs that carried diseases such as the measles and smallpox.
Cortes traveled to Mexico in search of gold and glory.
Cortes forced thousands of Native Americans to surrender.
Montezuma planned to ambush the Spanish troops, but Cortes had already found out.
Cortes took Montezuma hostage,he then ordered the Aztec to stop sacrificing people.
Spain Conquers Peru
Vasco Nunez De Balboa sailed to the Americas, and in 1513 he led a band of soldiers across the mountains of Panama to look for a golden empire.
Pizarro Meets the Inca
The Inca ruled the empire they Balboa and Pizarro wanted to conquer, and by the 1530's the Inca empire had become weaker.
Even though the Inca was weak they didn't fear Pizarro and his troops.
Pizarro and his small army moved to attack the Inca homeland. In late 1532, Pizarro decided on a bold plan.
The Inca Fall
Spanish messengers invited the Inca ruler to meet with Pizarro , afterward Pizarro demanded him to give up his gods, but after he didn't Pizarro attacked
Atahualpa tried to buy his freedom. He offered Pizarro an entire room full of gold and silver. Pizarro accepted Atahualpa's offer. Atahualpa had his people bring Pizarro the precious metals. Pizarro, however, did not set Atahualpa free. Instead, he charged the emperor with plotting a rebellion, worshiping false gods, and other crimes
Spanish king rewarded Pizarro by making him governor of Peru, and then Pizarro chose the new ruler for Inca. But the Spanish still couldn't gain full control of Inca even after Pizarro died in 1541.
The conquest of Peru opened opened most of South America to Spanish rule, and Spain created the first global empire.
Balboa found the Pacific Ocean instead of the empire, and a Spanish official charged him with false treason and banishment.
Francisco Pizarro, who had served as one of Balboa's soldiers, continued his search for gold after he was executed. (He couldn't write his own name, but he could fight).