Disaster Management Ethics (Disaster or Early Response phase (Rescue…
Disaster Management Ethics
Role of Media
Privacy & autonomy => CoC for International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief (1995) => in info, publicity and advertising => victims recognised as dignified humans
Info => survivors make informed decisions => avoid misinformation/ false reports
Dissemination of info for community & victims
Moral conflicts within a hierarchy of moral obligations. e.g. sanctity of life vs military and political interests, which often serve as excuses for inaction.
How to act when values of intended beneficiaries clash with those of humanitarian institutions. (remedy: participation and empowerment)
Choices between options with conflicting merits and costs. (remedy: professional training)
Post-Disaster or Rehabilitation phase
Ethically legitimate strategy =>which helps victims to achieve their own long-term development.
UNDP (1997), a disaster response should prevent future disasters and decrease vulnerability of the victims
Disaster or Early Response phase
Rescue workers=> high level of devotion towards duty and high emotional intelligence
Victims=> equitable, non-discriminatory disaster relief and recovery aid, respect of dignity, prioritise women’s welfare
International Community => intervene if human right violation
Govts => timely, rapid and effective intervention
Pre-Disaster or Preventive phase
Scientific Communities => innovate, Intelligentsia => keep govts accountable, remind them about pending calamity.
Industries and corporate => opt for EIA
Media => constructive role in identifying/highlighting issues =>awareness
responsibility of a govt to develop capabilities to prevent/reduce the risk e.g. early warning mechanism