How good a King was Guy Lusignan? (Politcial (July 1187- Raymond abandoned…
How good a King was Guy Lusignan?
SEE SALADIN SLIDE
RELATIONS WITH THE WEST
April 1191- Richard Lionheart responded to Pope Gregory's call- sailed to the east with a massive, well equipped, trained and supplied army. 17, 000 troops assembled in Sicily. Phillip of France gathered a small force and sailed east. Guy swore homage to Richard and received his support and Conrad secured the support of Phillip of France
Oct 1187- Pope Gregory VIII issued a bull calling for Third Crusade.1188+90- Help arrived from King William II of Sicily, Pisan fleet and English fleet.
Aug 1187- Guy appealed to the West- Guy asked for aid after Cresson and Conrad of Montferrat arrived in time to save Tyre.
July 1187- Raymond abandoned truce with Saladin and swore allegiance to Guy and advised Guy to shadow Saladin and Guy agreed . BUT Reynald and Gerard de Ridefort convinced Guy to confront Saladin head on as Gerard hated Raymond - so Guy marched on Saladin at Tiberias without proper water supplies
1186- 7 - could be argued that Guy had a lack of control over his nobles- e.g in 1186/1187- Reynald attacked a muslim caravan, which broke the truce that the Franks had with Saladin- but apparently guy did try and get Reynald to apologise but he refused- so perhaps shows that it was Reynald's fault, not Guys.
1184/ 5Baldwin wanted to settle on the coast where the climate would suit his condition better- but Guy didnt give Tyre back because he didnt want to lose the revenues from the port.
1184- Baldwin unsuccessfully tried to have the marriage between his sister Sybil and Guy dissolved.
1183- Baldwin took back personal control after handing the regency over to guy-because of guys lack of military success at the al- fule campaign of 1183.
Guy had an outsider status- because Richard the lion heart kicked him and his brother out of their homeland- so went to holy land. Guy had no land- so couldnt bring manpower with him and had a lack of connection- so franks didnt really respect him.
POOR MILITARY PERFORMANCE
SEPTEMBER 1187= Jerusalem which was only defended by two knights surrended. Saladin negotiated the release the city's Muslims- no Latin's remained in Jerusalem, eastern Christians could stay and churches became mosques- Saladin kept the holy sepulchre so he could tax Christian pilgrim traffic
AUGUST 1187- all coastal towns like Acre, Jaffa, Tiberias etc fell to Saladin, except from Tyre which was saved by the arrival of the fleet of Conrad of Montferrat
THE BATTLE OF HATTIN JULY 1187
JULY 1187- Guy, Reynald, other nobles and military orders were captured- Saladin treated Guy with respect because he was king- Reynald was killed and military orders executed
JULY 1187- instead Guy rested somewhere else- but when Saladin was following him- so Saladin surrounded the Franks and lit fires to the grass and shot arrows-guy then desperately charged but failed and Muslims defeated the Franks and also took Guy's tent and the relic of the true cross.
JULY 1187- Guy chose not to rest over at Turan and instead to push on- meant troops couldnt rest properly- meant less energy for battle with Saladin
JULY 1187= Saladin besieged Tiberias, trapping Raymond's wife- so Guy decided to go on and confront Saladin- which was a bad military decision because It meant that there was no one defending Jerusalem.
JULY 1187 = Guy took the shorter and easier route- the most obvious one- so Saladin was able to guess the route and secretly went and sealed the water springs along the route- meant that Franks were dehydrated.
THE AL- FULE CAMPAIGN 1183= Guy as regent failed the campaign against Saladin- the franks made a camp a mile away from Saladin and there they remained- guy failed to act aggressively enough towards Saladin- therefore Guy failed to gain respect and support from franks as not seen as a strong military leader.
MAY 1187- DEFEAT AT CRESSON= military orders attacked Saladin's force- only 4 Frankish knights survived- Frankish morale= low and rumours spread that Raymond allowed Saladin free passage through his lands- so caused factionalism.