Resource Managment 1 (Industries involved in agriculture (Since the 1960s,…
Resource Managment 1
Changing demand for different foods in the UK
Food is one example of how globalisation has influenced society. The food supply chain is complex and involves more countries than ever before. For example, rice grown in Thailand may be packaged in India and sold in a supermarket in the UK.
Food miles increasing in the UK
Food production has become globalised. It is possible to buy foods out of season and from abroad. Food is an important resource that can be produced in a more or less sustainable way.
Food miles are increasing in the UK:
Organic produce is becoming increasingly popular — organic foods are produced according to strict regulations, e.g. banning the use of artificial fertilisers.
Since the 1960s. there has been a growing demand for seasonal products year round. So fruit and vegetables are being e.g. from South Africa and strawberries from Mexico
Industries involved in agriculture
Since the 1960s, there has been a growth in agribusiness in the UK. Agribusiness is large-scale, industrial farming where processes from the production of seeds and fertilisers, to the processing and packaging oi the food are controlled by large firms.
Farm sizes have been increasing — many small farms have been taken over and field sizes increased so that food can be produced more cheaply.
The number of workers employed has been falling because of greater use of machinery e.g. in planting and harvesting.
Food miles can be reduced in the UK
People are becoming aware of the environmental issues caused by transporting food over long distances. Environmentalists are encouraging people to buy food grown locally.
Farmers' markets, and vegetable boxes are becoming more and more popular.
Distribution of resources around the world
The mixture of primary energy sources used is called the energy mix. The energy mix of the UK consists mostly of gas, coal and nuclear fuel. The last oil-fired power station in the UK closed in 2015.
The UK has an overall water surplus although there are variations in the amount of rainfall across the country, for example places in the west receive much more rainfall than those in the east. There are also variations in the population density, eg the south east has a much higher population density than Wales, which is in the west.
The UK does have food security. Around 40% of the UK's food has been imported and much of it has been processed.
There is enough food to feed everyone on the planet.