Genetics (An organsim's traits (follow patterns of inheritance (which…
An organsim's traits
follow patterns of inheritance
which can be complex such as
which can be modeled by
are determined by information stored in
can be altered resulting in
stores instructions for making proteins that are produced by
are passed from parent to offspring, which is called
and are controlled by
Types of Mutations
The C-G base pair has been replaced with a T-A pair.
Three base pairs have been removed. Other base pairs will move in to take their place
Three base pairs have been added
Half and half
It's a cycle
Sperm and egg cells
How DNA Makes a Protein:
mRNA nucleotides pair up with DNA nucleotides.
Completed RNA can move to the cytoplasm.
tRNA carries amino acids to the ribosome.
rRNA helps form chemical bonds that attach one amino acid to the next.
Amino acids make a protein
Cross-Pollination: Mendel and His Peas
Mendel removed the stamens from the purple flower.
He transferred pollen from the stamens of the white flower to the pistil of the purple flower.
The pollinated pistil of the purple flower grew into a pea pod. Then Mendel planted the peas.
The peas grew into plants.