Judicial Branch (Supreme Court) (Court System (Supreme Court located in…
Judicial Branch (Supreme Court)
Supreme Court located in Washington D.C.
If the court declines to hear a case the Court of Appeals decision is final.
The losing side of the Court of Appeals can appeal to this court.
Thousands of cases are submitted each year but only about 100 are tried.
Court of Appeals
13 Courts of Appeals
Each court has a panel of judges to decide if cases were tried appropriately.
The judges can uphold the decision of the lower court and the outcome stands, or they can be retried.
Each state has at least one of the 94 district courts.
Federal court judges are appointed by the President and get life terms.
Lower federal courts are divided on cases over which they have jurisdiction or authority over.
Checks on Executive Branch
May declare executive actions unconstitutional.
Checks on Legislative Branch
May declare laws unconstitutional.
Supreme Court Justices
Requirements- No specific requirements.
Severe life terms to avoid political ties.