Judicial Branch (Supreme Court) (Court System (Court of Appeals (13 Court…
Judicial Branch (Supreme Court)
Court of Appeals
13 Court of Appeals
Each court has a panel of judges to decide if cases were tried appropriately.
The judges can uphold the decision of the lower court and the outcome stands or they can be retried.
Each state has at least 1 of the 94 district courts.
Federal court judge are appointed by the President and get life terms.
Lower federal courts are divided on cases over which they have jurisdiction or authority over.
If the court declines to hear a case the Court of Appeals decision is final.
The losing side of the Court of Appeals can appeal to this court.
Thousands of cases are submitted but only about a hundred tried.
Supreme Court Justices
Requirements: no specific requirements
Serve for life to avoid political ties
Checks on Legislative Branch
May declare laws unconstitutiuonal
Checks on Executive Branch
May declare executive actions unconstitutional.