Judicial Branch (Supreme Court) (Court System (Court of Appeals (13 Courts…
Judicial Branch (Supreme Court)
Court of Appeals
13 Courts of Appeal
The courts have a panel of judges to decide if cases were tried appropriately.
The judges can up hold the decisions of the lower court and the outcome stands or they can be retired.
Each state has 1 of the 94 district courts.
Federal court judges are appointed by the President and get life terms.
Lower federal courts are divided on cases over which they have jurisdiction.
If the court declines to hear a case the Court of Appeals decision is final.
The losing side of the Court of Appeals can appeal to this court.
Thousands of cases are submitted but only 100 are tried each year.
Supreme Court Justices
Requirements: no specific requirements.
Serve life terms to avoid political ties
Checks on Legislative Branch
May declare laws unconstitutional
Checks on Executive Branch
May declare executive actions unconstitutional