Britain - Why does an industrial revolution take place? (Raw Materials …
Britain - Why does an industrial revolution take place?
Before the industrial revolution in Britain, the transport was very basic, but it lead to:
Transportation of goods and materials.
The increased availability of farmland
A favorable climate
Improved crop yield
The perfection of the horse-drawn seed press, which would make farming less labor intensive and more productive.
The large-scale growth of new crops, such as potato and maize, by 1750.
The passing of the Enclosure Laws, limiting the common land available to small farmers in 1760.
Foreign trade is one of the ways which had support an economy developing from pre-industrial to an industrial state.
Imports first the industrial revolution in Britain based on raw materials.
However thanks to imports from a place to another, British imports of goods as sugar, tea, coffee and raw cotton helped the country to develop.
Furthermore, all goods from colonies had to be shipped to a British port first, even if their final destination was elsewhere.
This restricted the colonies and their choices upon products and required them to buy their needs rom Britain.
Trade widened the market for British producers, this also enabled them to produce on a large scale by introducing mass production.
One of the major impact of overseas trade on British industrialisation is an increase demand for British products.
1750: the population of England stayed relatively flat, with little growth.
Technological and scientific developments meant industries were able to build factories outside of London
Industrial revolution --> increase in population
The population increase came from internal factors, such as changes in marriage age, improvements in health allowing more children to live, and an increase in the number of births.
Increase in economic rate
health improvements and a better diet
lower death rate
People could live better
hospitals and medical technology had made advances in vaccines and medicine in general
more young people move into cities
Entrepreneur and inventors
Britain had the highest GDP in the 1600
In the 19th century, Britain had 23% of global industrial production
Britain's success resulted as market potential