CONCEPT MAP OF THE PRINCIPLE OF ADMINISTRATION (Principles of…
CONCEPT MAP OF THE PRINCIPLE OF ADMINISTRATION
Principles of Organization
Principle of Specialization
The division of labor not only reduces the total production time, but allows each employee to specialize.
Principle of Functional Definition
The duties, attributions, authority and relationships of each participant throughout the company must be clear and well defined.
Principle of Balance Authority Responsibility
An administrator can transfer responsibilities to his subordinates, without exempting them.
Result of these decisions is a pattern of different strata that is known as hierarchy.
To plan efficiently, it is necessary to take into account the following principles:
Flexibility When preparing a plan, it is convenient to establish slack margins that allow facing unforeseen situations.
Feasibility What is planned must be achievable; It is inoperative to develop plans that are impossible to achieve.
Objectivity It establishes the need to use objective data such as statistics, when preparing plans so that there is no risk.
Assigning Resources When planning, it is assigned to the different parts of the organization, the human resources that it will need to fulfill its functions.
Principles of Control
Principle of Guarantee of the Objective
The control must locate and identify the faults or distortions in the plans to indicate the corrections that must be applied to achieve the objectives.
Principle of Definition of Standards
The standards represent the desired performance. These, together with the criteria - are the standards that guide decisions
The most frequent decisions must become routine and be delegated to the subordinates, while the most serious and important problems are left to the higher orders.
Principle of Action Control
requires the agreement of plans and actions.
Principles of Management
Principles of Command Unity and Command Amplitude
No subordinate must report to two or more superiors, just as no member of a hierarchy must send a subordinate of whom is not their immediate superior.
Principle of the Impersonality of Command
The authority remains with the position and its new occupant.
Principle of Delegation
The delegation of authority may be generic, oral or written.
Principle of Coordination of Interests
Coordination is based on communication, that is, on the information and guidance that must be transmitted.