Kohlberg Moral Stages of Development (Level 1 (Preconventional Morality…
Kohlberg Moral Stages of Development
Preconventional Morality:Moral code based on standards of adults and consequences of breaking and following rules
Stage 2: Individualism and change
Child recognizes their isn't one single right view given by authorities
Different individual have different viewpoints
Stage 1: Obedience and punishment orientation
Child or individual is good in order to avoid being punished
If child or person is punished they were doing something wrong
Conventional Morality:moral standards based on valued adults
Stage 3 :Good Interpersonal Relationships
Child is good in order to be seen as good by others
Moral answers relate to approval by others
Stage 4 :Maintaining the Social Order
Child becomes aware of greater rules of society
Childs judgments concern obeying rules in order to avoid guilt and follow the law
Stage 6: Universal Principles
People at this stage have developed their own set of moral guidelines which may or may not fit the law.
The person will be prepared to act to defend these principles even if it means going against the rest of society in the process and having to pay the consequences of disapproval and or imprisonment.
Stage 5: Social Contract and Individual Rights
The child becomes aware that while rules might exist for the good of the greatest number, there are times when they will work against the interest of particular individuals.