developing through the life span (motor development (crawling "8-9…
developing through the life span
prenatal development and the newborn
1-conception "fertilization that forms the zyogte"
2-prenatal development zygote then embryo then fetus
dangers: tertaogens "subsances that affect the developing embryo ot fetus" / fetal alcohol syndrome "exposure to alcohol in fetal stage"
fetus can respond and recognize sounds and can habitutate to annoying sounds
have reflexes "inborn responses"
crying when hungry
infancy "newborns almost growing into toddlers"
childhood "toddlers almost growing into teenagers"
crawling "8-9 months"
beginning to walk "12 months"
sitting unsupported "6 months"
walking independently "15 months"
cognitive development "mental activites that help us function" ex: problem solving / understanding and using language
schemas "mental container we build to hold our experinces"
assimilation and accommodation
birth to 2 years= sensormotor "experincing through senses" like stranger anxiety
2 to 6 or 7 years= preoperational "representing things with words or images" like pretend play
7 to 11 years= concrete operational "thinking logicaly about concrete events" like conservation
12 to adulthood =formal operational "abstract reasoning" like abstract logic
attachment "emotional tie to another person"
insecure attachment "clinging to mother less likely to explore environment and gets loudly upset when mother leaves and remain upset even when she returns"
insecure attachment "seeming indifferent to mothers departure and return"
secure attachment "when children feel distress when mother leaves and seek contact with her when she returns"
some effects of severe prolonged deprivation
increased anxiety and depression
hypothetical parenting styles
too soft "permissive" '
"authoritative "just right
leads to high self esteem and low aggression
"authoritarian" too hard
lifespan perspective "development is a lifelong process"
adolscence "transition period from childhood to adulthood"
strive to advocate for ideals and political causes
think about god , meaning and puropse deeper than childhood
levels of moral reasoning
physical abilities which come with biological maturation "mid 20s
women at age 50 cant get pregnant
gradual decline in sexual activity
why dont we live forever? because of
nurture/environment "ex stress-diseases wear us down until they kill us
telomeres "tips at the end of chromosomes"
abilities decline as we age
neural processing speed
decreased ability to recall recent events
brain changes of alzheimer disease
dramatic shrinking of brain
loss of brain cells
social cultural influences "ex support from loved ones"
psychological influences "ex optimistic outlook"
biological influences "ex appropriate nutrition"