Each book presents racism through different time periods in society. Melanctha misrepresents African-Americans, basing them off of stereotypes Stein has heard. She even characterizes the people as more loud, obnoxious, and unassembled the darker their skin tone gets. In Trimmings, Mullen points out how Stein's Tender Buttons is filled with primarily white women. As a result, Mullen includes black women in her response to Stein. In Zong!, Philip discusses the history of a British captain and crew who threw 150 slaves overboard to salvage a profit. When brought to court for insurance money, the court ruled in favor of those who threw the slaves overboard; because they saw the slaves as property. In Whereas, Long Soldier elaborates on the long history of racism between the United States and Native Americans, and now this racism has continued into the 21st century. In Voyage of the Sable Venus, Lewis talks about the portrayal of women throughout all of history in art, and how their portrayal in art has led to the their portrayal I museums. In Citizen, Rankine proves that racism against African-Americans has continued into the modern day, and how frequently it occurs.