Internal Text Structures (Cause and Effect (Shows a relationship between…
Internal Text Structures
Cause and Effect
Shows a relationship between two or more facts, events, people, or concepts.
because, since, therefore, consequently, as a result, so that, if...then
On Saturday night, my stomach rumbled as I sat on the couch ready to watch a movie. I most definitely had enough to eat for dinner, but that was 3 hours ago. Of course I was hungry! To satisfy my empty stomach, I pulled out the pack of cookie dough from the fridge and baked some cookies. They were a great snack to pair with the movie.
Enumeration or Listing
Uses listing to show information in no particular order.
to begin with, most important, 1., 2., 3.
I like wearing sweatshirts for many reasons. One reason is that they are extremely comfortable, and they can also act as a souvenir for different places I have been.
Sequential or Chronological
When details are stated in sequential order.
first, next, later, after, now, when
The Harry Potter Book series goes in order from Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, then H.P and the Chamber of Secrets, next is H.P and the Prisoner of Azkaban, and after that is H.P and the Goblet of Fire, H.P and the Order of the Phoenix, H.P and the Half-Blood Prince, and finally we have Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows.
This weekend I baked cookies. First, I had to preheat my oven to 325 degrees Fahrenheit. Next, I separated my pre-bought cookie dough into smaller pieces. After that, I sprayed my cookie sheet with non-stick cooking spray. One of my final steps was placing the cookies on the sheet, and then I let them bake in the oven for 15 minutes. Finally, my cookies were ready to eat!
Describe a procedure.
begins with, in order to, first, next
Compare and Contrast
Shows how things are similar and different.
however, but, not, only...but also, either...or, while, although, vs., yet, similarly, unlike
Which is better, summer or winter? Well, both seasons can have extreme temperatures, hot or cold, and really make you appreciate your heating systems/AC. However, for the majority of summer you are on vacation! You can go swimming at the beach or your pool, and you can walk around in t-shirts and shorts. In the winter? You will occasionally get snow days, and it's also the holiday season.
Concept / Definition
Outer space is the plain of existence beyond Earth and any other astronomical mass.
Text used to describe or define a concept.
refers to, thus, in other words, equals, as defined by
Generalization / Principle
Text that organizes information based upon broad or general statements.
All middle and high schoolers hate homework.
all, none, always, in fact
Problem and Solution
Demonstrates a problem, solution and effect of solution.
Problem is..., Dilemma is..., Puzzle is..., solved, question, answer, because, since, this led to, the main difficulty, One possible solution is..., One challenge...., therefore, if...then, thus
One problem our world is facing currently is climate change. Due to ever-growing utilization of greenhouse gases and fertilizers, our planet is gradually developing a warmer climate. However, there are things we can do to slow down the process of global warming. For one, we could start carpooling to school and recreational activities rather than all taking separate cars. We could also turn off the lights when we aren't using them, and we can plant trees that will use carbon dioxide and release more oxygen.