You are lecturing in a course that requires some lecture. You don’t lecture at every class session; you often have class sessions that center around group activities or discussion. You have a friendly approach to your students, and they are comfortable in the course and with you. But on this day, as you do your best to present to students information that they need, you notice Chatty Cathy and her friend Conversational Carl talking, openly and loudly. It is clear by their body language, their laughter, and the words you overhear that they are not discussing course content. You make eye contact, alerting them to the fact that you recognize their discussion and that you want it to stop. They stop talking. A few moments later, they start again; only this time, they are whispering. You verbally ask them to stop. You notice other students looking over at the chatty pair. Even those evil looks do not encourage the two students to stop their banter. They continue to talk and laugh.