Janmaat (2013) Subjective inequality (Framework (Three types of…
Janmaat (2013) Subjective inequality
behavioural outcomes such as voting and other forms of political participation.
aims to provide a systematic review of international comparative studies on views on inequality in order to explore what shapes these views and what their social effects are.
Findings of studies comparing views on inequalities in post-communist and Western states
support for the modernist than for the culturalist perspective
attitudes like political trust and preferences on redistribu- tion
Four perspectives are discussed explaining cross-national differences
the modernist, the culturalist, the micro and the macro perspective
Two dimensions of inequality
principles governing the distribution of resources
merit/desert (achievement, skills and effort); workload (amount of work duties and job responsibility); equality; need; utility and ascription (membership of a social, kinship, ethnic, racial, religious or gender group)
magnitude of inequality
Three types of conceptions of inequality
perceptions of existing inequality
subjective estimates of existing inequality (i.e. thoughts about what is).
judgements about existing inequality
normative evaluations of existing inequality (i.e. thoughts about how desirable or good the current situation is)
beliefs about fair inequality
normative ideas about just inequality (i.e. thoughts about what should be)
Few comparative studies appear to investigate views on inequalities as independent variables impacting on other social attitudes and behaviours.
argued that the social relevance of the field will be enhanced if more studies can show that views on inequality have an effect on social outcomes complementary to that of objective inequalities.)