Week One Objectives: Body Plan & Organization (Body Systems:…
Week One Objectives: Body Plan & Organization
Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithilium
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Body Planes & Sections:
Transverse (cross) section:
Divides: Inferior and Superior sections
(Para) sagittal plane:
Right and left portions BUT... not equally.
Frontal (coronal) plane:
Divides: Anterior and posterior parts
Does not have to be the full body! Could be the heart, the brain etc
Midsagittal (medial) plane:
Divides: Left and right parts.
"The injury is located superior to the nasal septum" said the doctor.
Midline or toward the midsection of the body.
"We will make a medial incision on the patient's abdominal cavity."
The bumble bee had landed on the pavement anteriorly.
The surgeons were working on the patient's spine which is posterior to the chest.
Side or away from the body
My ear is lateral to my eyebrow.
: Close to the point of attachment
The thigh is proximal to the hip.
Away from the point of attachment.
The stab wound was just distal enough from the patient's heart.
"Jane, we have found that your pain is actually inferior to your stomach and we will be scheduling an MRI."
The human is standing straight, feet flat, eyes facing anteriorly, hands facing anteriorly.
To accurately describe a location on the human body.
Determining left and right:
The parts left and right are of the person or slide you're viewing, not the viewer.
Major Regions of the Body:
abdomen region (stomach)
Upper limb (arms)
Lower limb (legs)
Integumentary system: :star:
Protects internal body structures and has sensory receptors.
Involved: Skin, hair, nails
Cardiovascular :star: System:
Delivers oxygen to tissues and balances body temp.
Involved: Heart, blood vessels
Nervous System: :star:
Processes sensory info & activates a response.
Involved: Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves.
Skeletal :star: System:
The bodies support while enabling movement.
Involved: Bones, cartilage, joints
Muscular System: :star:
Involved: Skeletal muscles, tendons.
Endocrine System: :star:
Secretes hormones and regulates bodily processes.
Involved: Glands: Thyroid, pituitary, adrenal
Pancreas, testes, ovaries
Lymphatic System: :star:
Return fluid to blood and defend against disease.
Involved: Lymph vessels, Spleen, lymph node, Thymus
Digestive System: :star:
Involved: Stomach, liver, gall bladder, large and small intestine
Respiratory System: :star:
Removal of CO2 and delivery of O2
Involved: Nasal, Trachea, Lungs
Urinary System: :star:
Involved: Kidneys, urinary bladder
Controls water balance and removes wastes from blood to excrete from body.
Male Reproductive: :star:
Production of sex hormone/gamete, deliver of gamete to female
Involved: Epididymis, testes
Female Reproductive: :star:
Production of sex hormone/gamete, Support of fetus, milk production
Involved: Mammary glands, ovaries, Uterus