The Peripheral Nervous/Endocrine System (Cranial Nerves (Glossopharyngeal,…
The Peripheral Nervous/Endocrine System
"daily" body functions
"D" Digestion,defecation, and divresis (urination)
Salivary glands,digestive and reproductive organs
"fight or flight" response
"E" exercise,excitment,emergency, and embarrasment
Responds to stress or injury and releases anti-inflammatory
Stimulates the "fight or flight" response.
Controls blood sugar levels
Increase blood glucose
Decrease blood glucose
Thyroid hormone (thyrokine T3-T4)
Control the basal metabolic rate
Stimulates the development of the T-cells involved in the immune response.
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Increases blood calcium levels.
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
Control basal metabolic rate by releasing thyroxine
Human growth hormone (HGH)
Stimulates growth during infancy and puberty
Adrenocortictropic hormone (ACTH)
Stimulates the adreanal gland to release cortisol
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Stimulates egg maturation in the ovary and release sex hormones
Regulates fluid balance by increasing body fluid volume and decreasing urine output.
Stimulates contraction of the uterus during labour and milk
Controls sleep cycles,alertness and temperature.
"Master gland' that signals other glands to produce hormones.
Stores and releases hormones such as antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin
Makes and releases hormones
Produces hormones that stimulate the pituitary gland.
Autonomic Nervous System
Parasympathetic Nervous System
Originates in brainstem and sacral (S1-S4)
Long pre-ganglionic/long postganglionic
Associated with the "daily" body functions
Sympathetic Nervous System
Neurotransmitters: Epinephrine and norepinephrine
Originates in the thoracolumbar (T1-T2)
Short pre-ganglionic/long postganglionic
Associated with the "fight or flight" response
motor-secretion of saliva; Sensory- taste
Sensory-hearing and equilibrium(balance)
motor-muscles of facial expression; sensory-taste
Laeral rectus eye muscle abducts the eye
3 branches-motor-chewing sensory-skin of face
Superior oblique muscle of eye.
sensory- nerve that functions in sense of smell
mostly motor function- most of muscles of eye,eyelid and pupillary constriction.
arises from retina of the eye and functions in vision