Why does the Industrial Revolution start in Britain? (Entrepreneurs and…
Why does the Industrial Revolution start in Britain?
In 1700 and 1750 the population in Britain remained flat
In 1750 and 1800 instead the population started exponentially to increase
People needed to relocate from rural towns to cities to be closer to new factory workplaces, since more people needed more services and products in order to survive
This caused an increase manufacturer in order to provide more resources in a lower amount of time
The population was estimated to 5.5 million people
Iron and Coal were the two main raw materials during the industrial revolution in England
Coal was used to run factories and they started to mine it a lot
Agriculture has always been important in Britain due to the fertile soil thanks to the proximity of water
The Agricultural Revolution lead the English Industrial Revolution
The Agricultural Revolution of the 18th century paved the way for the Industrial Revolution in Britain
In the new industrial world it was essential that people could travel much faster. The invention of the steam engine helped a lot to improve the transport and was implemented nearly everywhere: trains, ships, etc.
Entrepreneurs and inventors
Sir Henry Bessemer (1813 – 1898) greatest contribution was to the mass production of steel, which was a key component of the second wave of the industrial revolution.
George Stephenson (1781 – 1848) invented the steam engine for use in trains. He was a key figure in building the 25 mile Stockton and Darlington railway. Stephenson also built the first intercity railway between Liverpool and Manchester.
Sir Humphrey Davy (1778 – 1829) invented the Davy lamp used by miners to help detect gas and improve safety.
Edmund Cartwright (1743-1823) invented the power loom which significantly increased the efficiency of textile production. He also developed a wool-combing machine.
British workers were the richest in Europe, this also lead to inventors which could personally economically support their ideas and make them come true.