ENERGY AND ITS TRANSFORMATION (CONVENTIONAL ELECTRIC POWER PLANTS…
ENERGY AND ITS TRANSFORMATION
CONVENTIONAL ELECTRIC POWER PLANTS
Nuclear power plants
his type of plant includes a nuclear fission reactor that produces the pressurides steam needed to move the turbine motor.
HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANTS
This type of power plant uses the potential energy provided by the height of the stored water in a dam, converting it into kinetic energy. This energy moves the blades of the turbine
Fossil fuel thermal power plants
At this type of power plant, water is heated in a boiler
by the heat generated from the combustion of a fossil fuel, usually natural gas or coal.
COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT
Electricity is generated as a result of two combined cycles, a cycle that uses air and gas, and a conventional thermal cycle During the first cycle, a gas turbine is used that includes a compressor.
the operating of factories and companies construction, agriculture and soon.
the operating of electncal appliances, heating systems, hot water systems, heat for coolking and for means of transport, for example.
The building and operating of an ejectncai power plant results in an ecological change in that region This is due both to the construction of the necessary infrastructure and the waste that his activity generates.
ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
NON-CONVENTIONAL ELECTRIC PLANTS
the main disadvantage of thesepower plants is that they generate much less energy, since they use diffuse energy sources.
Thei advantages are that they contaminate much less than conventional power plants, they use renewable sources and they reduce the energy dependence of petroleum and natural gas.
WIND POWER PLANTS AND WIND FARMS
OCEAN POWER PLANTS
SOLAR POWER PLANTS
BIOMASS THERMAL POWER PLANTS
GEOTHERMAL POWER PLANTS
Electricity is the most widely used form of energy in industrialised societies for two reasons:
it can be transported long distances inexpensively and with very little energy being lost.
It can be easily transformed into other forms of energy, such as light and heat.
TRANSPORT AND DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY
Electric power plants are usually located far away from the points where the energy is used — fur safety reasons, space requirements or physical and geographical considerations.
ELECTRIC POWER PLANTS
Electric power plants are facilities where pnmary or secondary energy is transformed into electnmty, Once electricity is generated, it must be is transformed into electnmty, Once electricity is generated, it must be