Task Analysis: Blowouts (hair styling): Sharon Group members: Tracy…
Task Analysis: Blowouts (hair styling): Sharon
Group members: Tracy Selner, Valerie Sanderson, Becca Bruzek, Stephanie Lundy, Luis Trevino, Soina Sandhu, Christina Stoops
Task Demands (Radomski & Latham Trombly, 2014)
Objects used: Long handled round brush, wired hair dryer
Environmental demands: standing for long periods of time, stooping to grab objects out of cabinet, avoiding obstacles such as the chair, safely plugging in and taking out styling products
Social demands: Friendly disposition with clients
Contextual demands: Sharon is willing to adapt to a modified hair dryer
sequencing & timing: No alternate sequence to blowout
Required actions: 1). Retrieve hair dryer from cabinet.
2). Unwind electric cord.
3). Plugging in hair dryer cord into outlet. 4). Adjust setting/ turn on hair dryer. 5).
prerequisite capabilities, abilities, skills: Precision and efficiency with hair-styling tools
Safety precautions: Sharon may need adaptations to her styling tools to assist with use (i.e. larger handle on brush, self-standing hair dryer)
Activity Description: Sharon will practice a blowout on a volunteer at the OT clinic.
Sharon has to hold and manipulate two styling tools (i.e. round brush and blow dryer) through a 1-hour styling session with a client.
Motor movements used: pronation, supination, wrist flexion, wrist extension, radial deviation, ulnar deviation, shoulder flexion, shoulder abduction, elbow extension, elbow flexion, finger flexion, finger extension
Primary therapeutic aspects of the activity: using tools Sharon commonly uses at work in clinic makes makes this activity
.Once Sharon can perform this activity safely and without pain , she can return to work and the activity will become occupation-based.
Opposition of all digits is difficult and can be painful to grasp objects.
Strength, motor control
Lack of strength in the following muscles:
F: flexor pollicis brevis
O: opponens pollicis
A: abductor pollicis brevis
L: lateral two lumbricals
Postural Control, endurance: a blow out is an activity that is a process requires endurance to hold and grasp, raise her upper extremity against gravity, supinate/pronate, rotate her wrist, and instrinsic hand movements. Sharon's postural control is unaffected.
Blowouts require eye-hand coordination for holding/grasping hairbrush and hairdryer. Bilaterally coordinating both sides to dry/style hair. Grasping shampoo bottles and hair rinser is difficult.
Visual percpetual: unaffected
visual scanning: unaffected
attention, memory: unaffected
executive functioning, problem solving, awareness: unaffected
mood, engagement, interaction with others
Pain and lack of strength may make her frustrated, agitated, or emotional because she cannot complete the tasks needed to do her job - brushing, blow drying, washing hair.
Modify Task Demands (Radomski & Latham Trombly, 2014)
Sequencing and timing
American Occupational Therapy Association. (2014). Occupational therapy practice framework: Domain and process (3rd ed.). American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 68 (Suppl.), S1-S48.
Radomski, M. V. & Latham Trombly, C. A. (2014). Occupational therapy for physical dysfunction. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Diagnosis: Right Carpal Tunnel with numbness, tingling, weakness. Difficulty with tasks - opening jars, cooking, cutting.