Task Analysis: Blowouts (hair styling): Sharon Group members: Tracy…
Task Analysis: Blowouts (hair styling): Sharon
Group members: Tracy Selner, Valerie Sanderson, Becca Bruzek, Stephanie Lundy, Luis Trevino, Soina Sandhu, Christina Stoops
Diagnosis: Right Carpal Tunnel with numbness, tingling, weakness. Difficulty with tasks - opening jars, cooking, cutting.
Radomski, M. V. & Latham Trombly, C. A. (2014). Occupational therapy for physical dysfunction. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
American Occupational Therapy Association. (2014). Occupational therapy practice framework: Domain and process (3rd ed.). American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 68 (Suppl.), S1-S48.
Modify Task Demands (Radomski & Latham Trombly, 2014)
Sequencing and timing
Primary therapeutic aspects of the activity: using tools Sharon commonly uses at work in clinic makes makes this activity
.Once Sharon can perform this activity safely and without pain , she can return to work and the activity will become occupation-based.
mood, engagement, interaction with others
Pain and lack of strength may make her frustrated, agitated, or emotional because she cannot complete the tasks needed to do her job - brushing, blow drying, washing hair.
executive functioning, problem solving, awareness: unaffected
attention, memory: unaffected
Visual percpetual: unaffected
visual scanning: unaffected
Blowouts require eye-hand coordination for holding/grasping hairbrush and hairdryer. Bilaterally coordinating both sides to dry/style hair. Grasping shampoo bottles and hair rinser is difficult.
Postural Control, endurance: a blow out is an activity that is a process requires endurance to hold and grasp, raise her upper extremity against gravity, supinate/pronate, rotate her wrist, and instrinsic hand movements. Sharon's postural control is unaffected.
Strength, motor control
Lack of strength in the following muscles:
L: lateral two lumbricals
A: abductor pollicis brevis
O: opponens pollicis
F: flexor pollicis brevis
Opposition of all digits is difficult and can be painful to grasp objects.
Activity Description: Sharon will practice a blowout on a volunteer at the OT clinic.
Motor movements used: pronation, supination, wrist flexion, wrist extension, radial deviation, ulnar deviation, shoulder flexion, shoulder abduction, elbow extension, elbow flexion, finger flexion, finger extension
Sharon has to hold and manipulate two styling tools (i.e. round brush and blow dryer) through a 1-hour styling session with a client.
Task Demands (Radomski & Latham Trombly, 2014)
Safety precautions: Sharon may need adaptations to her styling tools to assist with use (i.e. larger handle on brush, self-standing hair dryer)
prerequisite capabilities, abilities, skills: Precision and efficiency with hair-styling tools
Required actions: 1). Retrieve hair dryer from cabinet.
2). Unwind electric cord.
3). Plugging in hair dryer cord into outlet. 4). Adjust setting/ turn on hair dryer. 5).
sequencing & timing: No alternate sequence to blowout
Contextual demands: Sharon is willing to adapt to a modified hair dryer
Social demands: Friendly disposition with clients
Environmental demands: standing for long periods of time, stooping to grab objects out of cabinet, avoiding obstacles such as the chair, safely plugging in and taking out styling products
Objects used: Long handled round brush, wired hair dryer