Tissues by Natalie Martinson (Muscle Tissue (the movement specialists of…
Tissues by Natalie Martinson
the movement specialists of the body
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Muscle that forms the walls of the heart. The muscles produce a heart beat. Characterized by thick dark bands known as interrelated disks.
Smooth Muscle Tissue
Known as visceral muscle and involuntary muscle. Characterized as long and narrow fibers. The form the walls of blood vessels and hollow organs.
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Also known as voluntary muscle. Characterized by many cross striations and many nuclei per cell.
The most abundant tissue in the body. Found in skin, membranes, muscles, bones, nerves, and internal organs.
Known as fat tissue. Secretes hormones that regulate metabolism and fuel storage in the body. Contains storage area for fat and plasma membrane
Consists of white collagen fibers arranged in parallel rows. Found in tendons and allows from strength and flexibility without stretching.
Consists of circular arrangements of calcified matrix. Serve as a storage area for calcium and provides support needed for the body.
Consists of both red and white blood cells. Serves the functions of transportation and protective functions.
Considered the glue that keeps organs together. Also known as loose fibrous connective tissue. Consists of webs of fibers made of either collagen (strong and flexible fibrous protein) or elastin (stretchy fibers).
Similar to bone tissue. Has a gristle like gel consistency. The cartilage cells are called chondrocyes.
Found in red marrow cavities of bones and organs. Responsibilities include forming blood cells and lymphatic systems cells. These are important in the defense against disease.
The tissue that covers the body, and also lines various parts of it.
Simple Squamous - a single layer of then and irregularly shaped cells. Substances easily pass through this tissue type
Stratified Squamous - several layers of closely packed cells. This makes the tissue adapt to protection. Composes the surface of the skin and mucous membranes
Simple cuboidal - forms tubules needed fro secretory activity. These tissues form glands which perform exocrine and endocrine. Formed by a thin layer of cube shaped cells.
Simple Columnar - can be found on the lining of the inner surface of the stomach, intestines, respiratory, and reproductive organs. Form tall single layers. they are taller than they are wide, with the nuclei toward the bottom.
Stratified transitional - found in body areas subjected to stress. Can contain up to ten layers of different shaped cells in different sizes. Has the ability to easily stretch.
Serves the purpose of rapid communication. Consists of two different types of cells
Neurons (nerve cells)
Conducting units of the nervous system. Have one axon (transmits nerve impulses away from body) and one or more dendrite (carries impulses toward the cell body)
Connecting and supporting cells in the nervous tissue