...verbal messages require immediate attention. Floyed (1985) defines listening as a process which involves hearing, attending, comprehending, evaluating, and giving responses to verbal messages. When the listening process is over, only a faint mental impression remains in the learner’s mind (Vandergrift, 2004). Unlike reading, listening requires instantaneous processing, with little or no chance to access the verbal language again....In most cases, language learners need to process the verbal message at a speed determined by the native speakers, which in generally quite fast (Osada, 2004).
L1 listeners could be distracted, disinterested, or responded to the verbal contents by thinking about something else. While L2 listeners also insufficient linguistic knowledge, a lack of knowledge of the second language socio-cultural contents, or a lack of pragmatic schemata that assist them to infer meaning from the verbal messages. Therefore, the pressure of the second/foreign language learners to manage all the structural, and grammatical obstacles when listening to verbal messages, combined with the fact that language learners need to accomplish all this in real time makes listening comprehension complex, dynamic, and fragile (Walker, 2014)