Release- Afro Celt Sound System (Texture (Talking drum added, Layered…
Release- Afro Celt Sound System
The Afro Celtic Sound System
Different players may belong to the group and the membership can change, creating a very flexible and creative musical environment.
Release is a fusion of
musical cultures underpinned by use of
and elements of
western pop culture music
("Elbow" pipes). Air is pumped into the bag using one's elbow. The "chanter" is recorder like pipe. Other pipes called "regulators" create harmony with DRONES (held,sustained notes).
Irish frame drum played with a double headed stick. Pitch can be altered by pressing the skin.
Six holed woodwind instrument, available in different keys.
Squeeze box with bellows and a keyboard.
West African string instrument. Looks like a cross between a harp and a lute. Has 21 strings.
2 ended drum with strings which can be tightened to pull the drum's skin, to make a higher pitch.
Spoken African Vocals
String insrtument. Sound is produced when strings are rubbed by a wheel which is turned by a HAND CRANK.
sound is produced by air being forced through the pipes.
some use of bending notes
notes fade away gradually
pitch drop at the end
use of bending notes & trills (ornamentation)
squat, pear shaped fiddle with strings.
The strings are sounded not by a bow but by the rosined rim of a wooden wheel turned by a handle at the instrument's end.
notes are made on the 1 or 2 melody strings by stopping them with short wooden keys.
Up to fourr unstopped strings, called bourdons, sound drones.
WESTERN POP MUSIC
: a pre-recorded segment of sound, manipulated in some way.
Tempo/Metre & Rhythm
Bodhran sets a regular beat.
texture- many rhythmic ostinatos layered.
Talking drum does not have a regular beat.
Shaker loop sets the pace/pulse.
Semiquavers patterns with differently placed accents create complexity.
4/4 time signature.
Addition to the triplet semiquavers is influenced by Irish Folk Music.
Intro-no regular beat.
Home note is C- used as a DRONE.
C D Eb F G Ab Bb C
Aeolian Mode, it is in C Aeolian.
Modes are often used in Folk Music
Loop 16- synth part has an A natural so it is in the DORIAN Mode (used by the Uilleann pipes, and its solo)
Sinaed O connor- sings regular 2 bar phrases in English.
- with an
in Bb/B natural.
O Lionaird's sings in Gaelic and has more irregular phrases.
Verse 1 melody- has a range of 6th.
Male vocals develop the female vocal line and extend the range higher over a tenth.
Instrumental melodies are based on folk melodies and mostly move in semiquavers.
uileann pipes melody. Repetition of C.
Low whistle solo is more flowing and it misses out the Ab/A natural.
Hurdy Gurdy solo is in
to begin with, then goes to
Layered texture using music technology.
Multi-tracked & looped.
Sudden drop outs indicate new sections.
Intro- synth pad drone with sweep effect.
More synth pats added, to layer gradually.
Talking drum added
Shaker and African vocal added.
Bodhran takes over from talking drum with other percussion loops.
Verse 1- several layers drop out to make entry of the bass guitar more dramatic.(bar 7-8)
Chromatic rising line at the end of the verses creates anticipation.
This is making
space in the mix.
Verse 2- drop out before uilleann pipes
Fading parts in and out.
Panning in verse 3.
Synthesisers- timbres, sustaining pads used for chords and drones.
Filter sweep effect
Loops- pre recorded then improvised over.
Reverb used to create a sense of space.
Mixing used to draw attention to certain parts.
Intro-Verse 1-Break-Verse 2-Solos 1&2-Break-Solo 3-Verse 3-Build/Outro
8 bar phrases.
Texture determines the structure (instruments drop in and out).
- Gaelic verse, ascending chromatic line, bass drops out.
- Uileann pipes & tin whistle, low whistle.
- Breath Sample.
- Breath sample.
- Female vocals in English, 2 bar repeated phrases.
- Hurdy Gurdy.
- Synth pad, drone, talking drum, no metre, African vocals, kora.
- O'Connor sings with solos on the Hurdy Gurd, Uileann pipes, accompanied by a rising chromatic bass line.
- Drum loop, Electronic loops, Hurdy Gurdy and wordless vocals. Chromatic rising line, looped parts interweaving to fade.