Flooding In The UK Somerset Levels Floods In 2014 (Why does flooding…
Flooding In The UK
Somerset Levels Floods In 2014
Why does flooding happen
Urbanisation - when an increasing percentage of a population comes and lives in citys an dtowns
Steep Valley Sides ( rapid surface runoff) - the water can run down the valley sides really quickly
Impermeable Surfaces - water cant get to the ground
Saturated Soils (high water table) - totally full of water
Hard Baked Soils - impermeable when dried out
Low Lying Ground- closer to water table than the high lying ground
Deforestation ( less interception) - the cutting down of trees and removals of forests
to stop flooding
impacts of the 2014 Floods
16 farms evacuated
over 600 houses flooded
residents lived in temporary accommodations for months
villages such as moorland and mucheleny have been affected.
many people had power supplies cut off
Damages costs estimated at £10 million
14000 hectures of agricultural land was under water for 3-4 weeks
over 100 livestock have been evacuated
local road have been cut off
bristol to taunton railway line closed
Floodwaters were heavily contaminated with sewage and other pollutants including oil and chemicals.
a huge amount of debris had to be cleared
stagnant water that had to be collected for months had to be reoxygented before being pumped back into the rivers
villagers cut off by the flood
villages used boats to go shopping or attend school
local comunity groups and vollenters gave invaluable support.
Long term responses
a £20 million flood action plan has been launced
somerset country council are working with agencies such as environment agencys to prevent future flooding.
road levels have raised in places to maintain communications and enable bisnesses to cotiniue during futrue floods.
A= because it is next to a river nd a lot of somerset has man-made ditches that supplies water
B= river parrett
C= so it can prevent less flooding because alot of somerset is flat
E= so if the river overflows the pumping station can suck up the water and pump it back into the river afterwards.
F= south east (SE)
man-made ditches can also cause the flooding