Introduction to Cognitive Science (Cognitive science is the…
Introduction to Cognitive Science
is the interdisciplinary study of mind and intelligence
refers to all processes by which sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered, and used
History of the development of Cognitive Science
Established laboratory method to study human mind
J.B Watson, B.F. Skinner
Study of observable stimuli and observable behavioral responses.
Ancient Greeks (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle)
Study of the mind
showed that capacity of the human mind is limited. Short-term memory limited around 7 items.
Founding fathers of Artificial Intelligence-
rejected behaviorist assumptions about language as a learned habit
Linguist- Noam Chomsky proposed to explain language comprehension in terms of mental grammars consisting of rules.
Localization Function : Early Approaches
Franz Joseph Gall
Functioning of human brain- Relationship exist between brain structure and function.
Broca's work on the language function of the brain provided evidence for theory of localisation of function
Localization Function: More Recent Approaches
Studied the effect of experimentally induced brain lessons on other major areas of cognition such as learning and problem solving.
Performed operations on the brain of an awake individual under local anaesthesia of the scalp
The Emergence of Modern Psychology
Celebrities in modern discipline of psychology
Similar to Helmholtz, Wundt
Also studied attention.
Studied human memory
Contributed to science in fields ranging from physics and geometry to perception (cornerstone of psychology)
"The Principles of Psychology" (book)
Ways to measure differences
The IQ is the ratio of "mental age" to chronological age, with 100 being average.
Recent Approaches to Study of Intelligence
Triarchic theory of intelligence