Why: It boosts confidence, gives encouragement, shows the student your expectations which allows for a motivator, and can increase the student's desire and drive.
When: Use when students fail to exude positive behavior that you would like to see modeled in your classroom.
How: For every 1 piece of criticism you give this student, there should be 5 compliments to go along with it. Any kind of praise, both verbal and physical, will work for this process, but it should be personalized to what the student responds to. Reiterate the praise to ensure that it gets through.
Data Tracking: Hand Raising Tracking Sheet
Keep a hand raising tracking sheet with this student. If issues arise over it or it works well, this can also be used with all students. Simply keep a tally on a piece of paper for one student or on the board for all students of how many times the student raised their hand during class. If this student spoke without raising their hand, they get an X. Inform the student(s) beforehand of what you are doing so they know that you are keeping track. You may have to mention a few times that you are marking on the chart that they raised your hand or that they spoke out of turn. Tally up how many times the student raised their hand during class, subtract any X's, and give a reward for every 5 times they did so. Be sure to praise the student every time they are in the positives with their hand raising.