CHAPTER 8: THINKING SKILLS (Steps of Critical Thinking (Application,…
CHAPTER 8: THINKING SKILLS
The cognitive processes, which involve the application of mental and intellectual abilities to make sense of experience.
The concept of Right Brain and Left Brain. Brain Dominance Theory
dominant in performing tasks of emotion and creativity.
Performs betters tasks of logic, language, critical thinking,numbers, reasoning and reference.
The ability to think critically involves attitude, knowledge and skills.
Effective way to apply critical thinking
Data interpretation and analysis
Data evaluation and appraisal.
Gathering and organizing information.
Identification of problems
Characteristic of a critical thinker
Seeks to understand issues by gathering and assessing relevant facts and information.
comes out with well thought and validated conclusions and solutions.
Inquisitive, critical, ask pertinent questions and raise problems in a clear, well articulated and precise manner.
Explores all possible alternative, the impacts and consequences, and repercussion.
communicates and consults with others to find the best possible solution.
Importance of Critical Thinking
Help us making the right, well reasoned and informed decision.
Help us making the best possible decision through a systematic and holistic process and approach.
Enables us to consider and weigh all possible options, mitigate the risk of making wrong or inappropriate decision.
Intellectual Standard of Critical Thinking
: how true the idea/statement is.
How specific and detailed the idea / statement is
clearness of thinking that makes an idea or a statements easier to understand.
How is the idea / statement connected to the issue.
to what extent does the idea / statement deal with the complexities of the issue.
Steps of Critical Thinking
Critical thinkers seek to improve thinking in three phases: - thinking analysis, thinking assessment, thinking upgrading.
Importance of Creative Thinking
Creative people comes up with novel ideas, new ways and approaches that have numerous impacts on invention, the way we look at things, solve problems, make decisions, create and communicate new ideas and knowledge.
It opens us to many possibilities (i.e. Inventions and innovations.)
Characteristics of Creative People
Have high level of curiosity
Have a good sense of humour
Sensitive to beauty.
Not afraid to take risks
Steps in Creative Thinking
Note down, list down and record all ideas in a proper written form.
Constantly elaborate and improve on thoughts or ideas
Think of and come up with all possible ideas and options
Give up some space and time for our mind to come up with ideas and nurture them.
Defer judgement when looking for ideas
It is an unconventional problem solving method, which employs and indirect and creative technique.
It promotes the use of reasoning and ideas that may not seem to be relevant and appropriate in the beginning
Lateral thinking tools
Idea generating tools
It use visual and graphical representation of ideas sensitizes and stimulates the thinking process in a sequential, orderly, organized and systematic manner.
The technique facilitates the conceptualization, crystallization and articulation of ideas and thoughts by allowing ideas to flow freely, expand and develop in one's mind
It is a creative method of organizing idea and thoughts.