Reading Notes Modules 14 and 15 (Module 15 (Psychological Influences: …
Reading Notes Modules 14 and 15
Develop from separate fertilized eggs. They are genetically no closer than ordinary brothers and sisters, but they share a prenatal environment.
The study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior.
"above" or "in addition to" (epi) genetics; the study of environmental influences on gene expression that occur without a DNA change.
The genetic transfer of characteristics from parents to offspring
Molecular Behavior Genetics
The study of how the structure and function of genes interact with our environment to influence behavior.
Every nongenetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the people and things around us
The subfield of biology that studies the molecular structure and function of genes.
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes
The interplay that occurs when the effect of one factor depends on another factor.
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes
The proportion of variation among individuals on a group that we can attribute to genes. The heritability of a trait may very, depending on the range of populations and environments studied.
The biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; segments of DNA capable of synthesizing proteins
The complete instructions for making an organism, consisting of all the genetic material in that organism's chromosomes
Develop from a single fertilized egg that splits in two, creating two genetically identical organisms
Neurological effect of early experiences
Responses evoked by our own temperament, gender, etc.
Beliefs, feelings, and expectations
Cultural individualism or collectivism
Cultural gender norms
Shared human genome
Individual genetic variations -Prenatal environment
Sex-related genes, hormones, and physiology
the study of the evolution of behavior and the mind, using principles of natural selections.
A culturally modeled guide for how to act in various situations.
The principle that inherited traits that better enable an organism to survive and reproduce in a particular environment will (in competition with other trait variations) most likely to be passed on to succeeding generations.
A random error in gene replication that leads to a change.
Garcia, Gabe Per. 5