Lancet Report on Climate Change (Changes and impacts (IMD reported a…
Lancet Report on Climate Change
Indians faced almost 60 mn heatwave exposure events in 2016, a jump of about 40 million from 2012 says journal
In 2014-2017: Avg length of Heat wave in India: 3-4 days, Global Avg: 0.8-1.8 days
Heatwaves are associated with increased rates of heat stress and heat stroke, worsening heart failure and acute kidney injury from dehydration.
Almost 153 billion hours of labour were lost globally in 2017 due to heat, an increase of 62 billion hours from the year 2000.
Identifying “heat hot-spots” through appropriate tracking of meteorological data
Promoting “timely development and implementation of local Heat Action Plans with strategic inter-agency co-ordination
Report was prepared jointly with the Public Health Foundation of India
Urges a review of existing occupational health standards, labour laws and sectoral regulations for worker safety
99% of losses from climate-related events in low-income countries were not insured.
Changes and impacts
IMD reported a change of 0.5 deg in mean temp from 1901-2007
Could change to 2.2-5.5 deg in 21st Century
The number of hours of labour lost also jumped between 2000-2017 across India, the Lancet said.
Agriculture sector:60,000 million hours in 2017, 40,000 million hours in 2000
Across sectors: 75,000 million hours of labour in 2017, from about 43,000 million hours in 2000.
Agriculture: 18% of India's GDP and half population
A recent World Bank report suggests an erosion of 2.8% GDP erosion by 2050 and lowering standards of living due to climate change
Also, ambient air pollution led to the premature death of an estimated half a million people in India in 2015.
The report sounds a warning that rising temperatures will enable the dengue virus and malaria to spread farther and faster.
Katwoice Climate Conference, Poland
From 3 Dec 2018 – 14 Dec 2018, the Conference of Parties — a compact of about 190 countries signatory to the UN treaties to address global warming — is set to begin talks in Katowice, Poland.
To iron out a ‘rule book’ to implement the Paris Agreement of 2015.
The 2015 agreement was a landmark accord, in which countries agreed to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by limiting the global temperature rise this century to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels
And to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5°C.