Odyssey Books 17-20 Joshua (BOOK 17 Insults and Abuse (Telemachus leaves…
Odyssey Books 17-20 Joshua
BOOK 17 Insults and Abuse
Telemachus leaves Odysseus at swineherd’s house and went to his palace. Penelope cries with joy when she sees Telemachus finally come back.
As he sat down to dinner with Penelope, Telemachus told her what he had learned about Odysseus at Pylos and Sparta. But he did not reveal that he had seen Odysseus with his own eyes in swineherd’s house.
Then Theoclymenus says that Odysseus must have came back to Ithaca because of the sign he saw on the ship.
At the same time, swineherd lead Odysseus to go the Odysseus’ palace because both Odysseus and Telemachus asked him to.
On the way, they meet Melanthius, who is in charge of look after the goats. He liked the suitors more than Odysseus, he argued with swineherd and kicked Odysseus.
Odysseus arrived at his palace and sees a dog that he used to have. He let swineherd to go in first so Telemachus will know he is coming.
Telemachus knew he was Odysseus, but he pretended don’t know and asked him to beg for food from suitors.
The suitor reluctantly gave Odysseus food. When Odysseus asked Antinous for food, he put offensive words towards Odysseus. When Odysseus contradicted him, Antinous hit him with a stool.
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BOOK 18 Two Beggars
While Odysseus was in the palace investigating suitors, another beggar, Arnaues (Irus), entered the palace. He is a big man, very strong. He insulted Odysseus and wanted to fight him.
The suitor was glad to see two beggars boxing. Arnaues thought he would win the old man, but Odysseus was actually much stronger than he was. Odysseus defeated Arnaues in a very short time.
The suitors congratulated Odysseus. Amphinomus, one of the suitors, gave him food and wine.
Odysseus has planned to kill all the suitors, but he is moved by Amphinomus' pity for him, Odysseus decides to warn him. He predicted to Amphinomus that Odysseus would soon return home and kill all the suitors, and Odysseus advised him to stop proposing and leave.
But Amphinomus did not leave because Athena had set the end for him, and he was to die at the hands of Telemachus.
Athena wanted Penelope to appear in front of the suitors. Athena made her look very beautiful. When Penelope spoke to the suitors, she told them that Odysseus had instructed her to find a new husband if Telemachus have grew up and he still didn’t come back.
Then she deceived them by asking the suitors to bring her gifts, claiming that any suitor should try to win her heart by giving her something instead of wasting her fortune as them did now.
The suitors, attracted by Penelope's beauty, sent back their servants and brought all kinds of gifts. Odysseus was pleased by Penelope's clever move.
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BOOK 19 The Queen and the Beggar
In the evening, after the suitors had left, Telemachus and Odysseus started to hide the weapons as they planned.
Athena lit up the room so they could use no one else to light them up and work at night. This made Telemachus awarded of a god was helping them. They hid the weapons and Odysseus told Telemachus to go to sleep.
Then Odysseus meets Penelope. Penelope has heard about Odysseus says he knows information about Odysseus, so she's going to ask him about this.
Penelope tells Odysseus about her experiences over the years and complains about the suitors. Penelope says there's no way she can delay the suitors any longer. Penelope insists that Odysseus tell his story.
Odysseus makes up a story. To test whether Odysseus is telling the truth, Penelope asks him to describe Odysseus. Odysseus knew exactly what he was wearing and what his entourage looked like, so he described it very accurately.
Penelope burst into tears and believed Odysseus. Then Odysseus tells the story of hearing that Odysseus is still alive and on his way back to Ithaca, and that he will be back within a year.
Penelope gives Odysseus a bed to sleep in, but Odysseus says he's used to sleeping on the floor, so he refuses. Penelope arranges for the slave girls to wash Odysseus' feet. Odysseus doesn't want to come into contact with the slave girls who despise him, so he asks a old woman to wash his feet.
Penelope asked Eurycleia to wash his feet. While Eurycleia was washing Odysseus' feet, she noticed a scar on one of his feet. She immediately recognized the scar from Odysseus' battle with the boar, so she recognized Odysseus.
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BOOK 20 The Last Banquet
At night, Odysseus can't sleep, he's worried that he and Telemachus won't be able to overcome so many suitors, or how to solve the problem after killing them all.
Athena appears in front of Odysseus and assures him that it will not be a problem as she is helping him. Athena put Odysseus to sleep.
Penelope is distressed that she cannot wait for Odysseus to come home and must marry someone else. She wakes up early and begins to cry.
The next morning Odysseus prayed to Zeus for a good sign. Zeus responded with thunder and lightning. At the same time, Zeus had a slave girl curse the suitors would be killed by Odysseus.
Then Odysseus and Telemachus saw the swineherd, Eumaeus, Melanthius, the keeper of the sheep, and Philoetius, the keeper of the cow. Philoetius said he had not given up hope of Odysseus' return and prayed with Odysseus that the suitors would be killed.
The suitors also came to the palace, and they went on discussing how to kill Telemachus. However, an eagle appeared holding a dove, which Amphinomus considered an ominous sign, and he persuaded them to cancel the plan.
Athena continues to make the suitors enrage Odysseus. A suitor named Ctesippus throws a cow's hoof at Odysseus. Odysseus dodged and Telemachus criticizes Ctesippus.
The suitors agreed with Telemachus, but they asked Telemachus to get Penelope to marry someone. Telemachus said he already did that, but he cannot force Penelope to do so.
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